caste Hinduism Identity (Distortion & Appropriation) tech

Caste 102- Our Collective Cultural Caste-ration

Writer’s Word

This essay is an
try at making a basis of concepts from which to view our cultural
historical past afresh. Given the long historical past of outsiders decreasing our identities to an
undefined entity referred to as “caste” after which further linking “caste” with oppression,
I’m pressured to start out by issuing a disclaimer- Help for oppression and
supremacy of any type, whether or not it’s casteist, spiritual, racist or financial is
unacceptable. Forcing individuals to do what they don’t need to do, and considering of
fellow human beings as intrinsically high or low are unacceptable moral
positions. Little question anyone can study the Veda no matter his jaati. Little question
anyone can enter the gates of heaven, if such a factor exists, no matter his
faith. Little question anyone can study to design a cryogenic engine regardless of
the colour of his pores and skin. Little question anyone might be wealthy, in the event that they so choose,
no matter how poor he is at this time.

 “Caste is worse that Jihad!”
by way of Twitter

All you ground-warriors
of Hinduism, the work you do is important and troublesome. I’ve the best of
respect for it.

I also perceive that
you’re within the thick of “battle” and like the Indian Military, the best way you see the
world is exclusive to your state of affairs.

So take this not as a
criticism however as a more nuanced take on the connection between Bharatiya
society and the phenomenon of “caste”. Because the Bharatiya awakening continues,
it’s essential that we no less than take a look at ourselves with some nuance and complexity.
In any case Viveka, or the power for discernment, has been the civilizational
hallmark that has distinguished us from the Western Abrahamics and their
tendency in the direction of black and white judgementalism.


The enemies of Bharat comply with a two step process. First, they
scale back all of Hinduism to “Caste” and then they scale back the complicated and but
undefined phenomenon of “Caste” to Oppression. By repeating these faulty axioms
over two centuries they have built a hate-Bharat consensus within the wider world
and concurrently injected our colonized minds with the poison of self-hate.
We’re a great distance down that street in the present day. Self-Hate is a widespread phenomenon in
our society and many people supply ourselves up for conversion – to Islam,
Christianity, Communism, Globalism and all the opposite “isms” which have world-domination
as their objective.

As an indigenous civilization which does not consider in world-domination, we should
continue to struggle these forces. In immediately’s world, when their strategy has made
deep inroads into our self-perception, the first step is to recuperate from the
ill-effects of self-hate by de-colonizing our minds via private analysis from
main sources. The second is to speak our fact to the world unapologetically.
We should stop using the language of our enemies towards ourselves. Hinduism just isn’t “caste” and “caste” shouldn’t be oppression. Oppression is a
common phenomenon constructed into all
power buildings. Our battle is towards oppression, interval, not towards “caste”.

Right now, each major Hindu organization needs to “attempt
in the direction of a caste-less society”. Implicit in this stance is the unquestioned
perception that caste is a nasty thing. The place does that perception come from? Why can we
so simply equate caste with oppression? I do know, I do know, these questions that
should not be asked, the white man has informed us that caste is dangerous.

Lets wind the clock again somewhat and ask the primary
query – “What is caste?”. Only when we’ve a passable reply to that
question can we determine if it is a dangerous thing or not.

Tribe and Tradition

Let me start by laying out an intellectual roadmap that, if
we are lucky, will lead us to, if not a definition, a minimum of an understanding
of the phenomenon that goes by the identify of “caste”.

“Custom is dangerous. Custom has weakened us. We now have to
look beyond rituals to the essence of what the rituals characterize. Finally,
to beat them, we have now to turn into like them.” This can be a widespread perspective of a
number of people who are preventing for Hinduism’s cultural renaissance.

We will now ask, if, to beat them, we have now to turn out to be like
them, then why battle them in the first place?

I find myself pressured to answer a studying of our historical past that
has led a phase of patriotic Bharatiya individuals to consider that as a way to
beat the enemy we need to abandon our traditions as weak spot and every of us
must develop into some model of an Advaitin Kshatriya. This can be a reductivist
view of our culture…the view of a soldier on the battlefield. But we know that
not everyone is a soldier. When the wars are gained don’t the troopers all need to
come residence?

Visualize residence then – from every nook of Bharatvarsh, each
village, each forest, each hill, innumerable little unique streams of ritual
and tradition emerge from the earth and stream across the land. As these streams
circulate and water our inside gardens, they manifest our Bhakti, concurrently
connecting us to each other and our land, thus forming the grand river of our
civilization. These little streams are as
necessary as Gnyana, Yoga and Shaurya. Once we disregard custom, we aren’t
solely bringing down the specialized orthodoxy, we’re also wanting down upon the
every day lives of tons of of tens of millions of widespread rural and concrete people for whom
these traditions are the metaphorical religious palace that their ancestors
have built and that they reside in and keep each single day of their lives. It’s
necessary that we do not scale back the superior umbrella of the cultures of Bharat
to simplistic labels corresponding to backward, weak spot and oppression like our enemies
do. Some of our practices might or might not want reform, however that is beside the
level. Reform, solely when important, will
happen bottom up only once we discard top-down narratives of negativity.

 If self-hate shouldn’t be a
a part of the Muslim and Christian self-perception, then why is it only the Hindu
who carries this cross of self-hate, understanding full properly that our historical past of
oppression is minimal in comparison with the centuries of inter-continental Christian
and Islamic
cruelty? Is it as a result of we now have internalized the concept we lost? And we lost
because we are weak? And that we’re weak as a result of there’s something fallacious with
us? And that thing can solely be “caste”…as a result of the white man informed us so?

Step 1, it’s important that we cease believing this lie that
the muslim armies kicked our ass. A battle by battle analysis exhibits us that
Bharatiya individuals gained extra battles that the muslim armies. Start with Sitaram
Goel’s “Heroic
Hindu Resistance” and take your research all the best way to the retaking
of Delhi by the
Marathas and the retaking of the Khyber Cross by the
Sikhs. We are a brave and powerful individuals who safeguarded our tradition
over the longest assault in historical past. It doesn’t get higher than this. We’d like
to have fun this. Barring small pockets, each single different land on the planet
has been conquered by Christianity, Islam or Communism. We’re nonetheless standing…and

It’s additionally true that the Turks and the British ruled huge
elements of this land for long durations of time and we’ve misplaced a big chunk
of our civilizational territory. We allowed this to occur to us because we
made one single but deadly mistake. And we made it repeatedly- we did not
perceive that individuals who only struggle
defensive battles are destined to lose space. For 1000 years, till Shivaji, we
didn’t struggle a single offensive battle. I understand…that is our ethos. It
still is. “I depart you alone, you allow me alone”. I get it, that’s lovely,
but unfortunately our enemies by no means subscribed to this worldview and we needed to
battle and battle and battle, all the time protecting ourselves and our ways of dwelling.
But we never took the battle to the enemy’s camp with the intention to finish the
menace as soon as and for all. This one factor we need to rectify. And I do assume our
ground-warriors have a clear-eyed recognition of this.

And Step 2, we need to come to a proper understanding of “caste”
from an anthropological perspective. The Bharatiya individuals are primarily a
coalition of tribes. In trendy occasions, the word tribe has come to solely
imply hunter-gatherer forest dwellers but the truth is it refers to any group of
individuals who comply with the same guidelines and taboos and outline their id by way of these
guidelines and taboos. Usually speaking, tribal individuals are those whose communal
id is stronger than their particular person id. Every jaati, sect and
sub-sect in India features as a tribe. If the Yanomami and Guarani in Brazil
and Paraguay, the Navajo and Sioux in the USA, the Masai and Zulu in Kenya and
South Africa, the Jarawa and Sentinelese in India do not inter-dine or
inter-marry that is thought-about normal but when the Bharatiya jaatis do the identical,
they are deemed as evil. Why? This international take-down of Bharat needs to
be addressed truthfully both externally and internally inside our minds. Our
jaatis are simply as previous as these tribes and need to be looked at using the right
anthropological lens. In contrast to these other tribes although, our civilizational wisdom
developed philosophies and stories to bridge our divides, communicate throughout
differences and build socio-cultural mechanisms to help us work together and
stay nearly as good neighbours. That is what makes us a coalition of tribes and not
just a set of isolated groups. That is also what helped us, the world’s largest
civilizational group of people, make the graceful transition from the Neolithic
to the Agricultural Age as one individuals.

The words tribe and tribal aren’t dangerous phrases. The words
group and communal are additionally not dangerous phrases. These words have been given a
dangerous identify by western modernists who’re adherents of the cult of individualism.
This cult of individualism is a brand new mutation in human history and is made
attainable by the invention of utmost technologies that feed individuals the phantasm
that they will survive all by themselves. Such people are likely to consider that
relationships are decisions to be made
and that one should management how much affect household and pals have on our
lives- “If we’ve our microwave, our fridge, our buying malls, ATM cards and
web, we don’t want anyone else!” is the considering of the individualists.
Take a breath and take a look at the place this manner of being has led America, the foremost
practitioner of this lifestyle- Melancholy, faculty
shootings, the world’s
highest rates of incarceration, spring-break culture,
drug abuse,
broken families,
and wars
without finish, all pointing to a society, all of 300 years younger, on
its final legs. Run-away individualism and the wealth and know-how to make it
occur are usually not the correct solutions to life’s questions. With all of its “technological
enlightenment” the USA needs a virtual army of docs and policemen
to simply manage the emotional ailing results of its chosen mode of being!

Humans are a communal species. For 4 million years, it is
tribalism that has protected homonids
and enabled us to thrive in nearly each ecological area of interest on the planet. We’d like group and powerful wholesome
relationships with other individuals, ideally household and prolonged family…This has
been and continues to be the quintessential human expertise. It is this and
only this that permits us to really feel related in a horizontal and a vertical
matrix that lends us our “place on the planet”. Horizontally we connect us to
our brothers and sisters by way of generally held traditions and vertically we connect
with our mother and father and our youngsters by way of traditions that we receive and cross on.

Tribalism and tradition are intimately linked. Without
tribalism there can be no tradition and with out tradition, we might not know
who our brothers and sisters are and we might not know what to say to our
youngsters about who we’re and where we come from (a deeply unsettling situation
that many of us in the trendy world are dealing with in the present day).

This isn’t to say that custom is a straight-jacket that
limits us. Tradition does change after deliberations inside the group
particularly in Bharat. The individuals who won’t ever change whatever the
context are referred to as orthodox usually parlance. Perhaps, our modern day
kshatriyas are talking of “orthodoxy” when they are being important of
“tradition”. Lets start through the use of the best words.

 “Caste” and Context

“Traditionalists weakened Hinduism
by putting obstacles in the best way of Buddha, Shankara, Shivaji, Baji Rao”
by way of Twitter

It is very important observe that if after preventing for 1300 years we are still Bharatiya, it is
as a result of there were traditionalists who did
not compromise. If we had compromised with our traditions just with a view to
win or escape, then who would we be once we did win? Meenakshi Jain recounts in
her e-book, “Flight of Deities and Rebirth of Temples”, “(Aurangzeb’s) decree (in Mathura, 1669)
led to a mass migration of deities. Govindadeva’s long journey from Vrindavan
has been reconstructed by historians. Altogether eight temples have been built as
short-term abodes for the deity in flight, till it lastly reached Jaipur and was
instated in the ninth temple, where it remains underneath worship as we speak.” Think about

Our traditions, and the rituals that manifest these
traditions, are an important a part of redefining who we are with each
era. Without these, we do not know who we’re as a individuals; we do not
have anything invaluable to move on to our youngsters. Above and past this, our
traditions are the continuation of our peoples’ dedication to all that is lovely
in life- that celebration of life, dwelling, fertility and the cycles in Nature
that we’re all part of. All Bharatiya traditions rejoice the cyclic nature of
life. Some communities have exuberant celebrations, some are understated and
some are philosophical, however we, along with all the traditional cultures on the
planet, are a cyclic and life-affirming culture, in contrast to the linear,
death-centric Abrahamic religions or the linear, future-centric, technology-driven
“Western tradition”.

In Bharat, since
historic occasions, it has been the tribal system of jaatis that has been that
car for the safety and propagation of our traditions. By calling for a
destruction of this car (by wrongly defining it as “caste”), we’re also calling
for the destruction of all that it carries. Are we considering deeply sufficient about
this drawback?

Even assuming that it is okay “this present day”, because the “West”
has continuously been telling us, to discard “caste”, we might be doing ourselves
a terrific disservice if we don’t in all honesty recognize the jaati system for
what it was and what it enabled for our civilization. I am wanting objectively
on the great system of division of labour/tradition developed by our ancestors. Right here
is the the Rev. Joseph Roberts speaking in 1844CE, Madras. In an handle to 33
Missionary Teams, he says “Caste is the good barrier in India betwixt the
pagans and Christ…We expect nevertheless that this excellent institution of India, perhaps traced to a more probable
supply…we aren’t convinced that each one
the tyrannical notions ascribed to this classification of men may be acquired
as right…and the fixed provision
for all types of artisans and labourers in order that in each emergency there may
be a supply of the required workmen to satisfy the varied needs and wishes of the realm. By fixing each individual in a
career, there can be a larger
perfection secured in the a number of artistic endeavors. The youngsters not being
allowed to adopt another calling would naturally from the first dawning of
thought associate themselves with their father’s pursuit and try to emulate
one another in gaining the best

Let that sink in. Allow us to acknowledge then that it was our
system of jaatis that stood between us and conversion to alien death-centric
faiths. We are all still Bharatiya as we speak because
of the jaati system. If, paradoxically, this technique at the moment is seen as the basis
trigger for conversion that is due to two things. One, the coming of the
industrial age, the closing down of our traditional faculties and the take-over
of the commons by the British and then the Indian authorities over the previous 175
years has brought poverty and loss of satisfaction to numerous our communities who
used to work with their arms and the land – agriculturalists, artisans, nomads
and so forth. And Two, the fixed demonization of our civilization by the West that we
have internalized has installed permanently in us the sensation that we have to
be “reformed”. We’ve been informed to hate this factor referred to as “caste”. We don’t
know what the definition of that word is however all of us who’ve had a contemporary
schooling routinely hate it, no matter it is.

Right here is the British Superintendent, L. Middleton, in the 1921 Census– “We
pigeon-holed everyone by caste and if we had no true caste for them, labelled
them with the hereditary occupation. We deplore the caste system and its impact
on social and financial issues but we are largely answerable for the system
we deplore…Authorities’s passion for labels and pigeon-holes has led to a
crystallization of the caste system, which besides among the aristocratic castes
was really very fluid beneath indigenous rule.”

Here is Vivekananda talking in Sri Lanka in 1897 he says- “The older I develop, the better I appear to think about
these castes and other such institutions. There was time once I used to assume
that lots of them have been ineffective and worthless. But the older I develop the more I
seem to feel a diffidence in cursing them because lots of them are embodiments
of experience over centuries they usually facilitate when it comes to improvement of
these communities.”

The tribal jaati system was not a system designed for oppression however somewhat an organic
system of economic and cultural arrangement that advanced to bind a
multitude of tribal groupings together who would otherwise have remained
isolated and materially weak like different tribes everywhere in the world have been.
As an alternative, from Neolithic occasions till the 18th Century, our
socio-economic coming collectively made us the richest and longest-lived
civilization in human historical past! It is quite attainable that in at the moment’s high-tech industrial
world our tribal system of jaatis will mechanically grow to be obsolete. High-Know-how
permits us to multi-task in ways in which were not attainable in the earlier low-tech agricultural
world, thereby rendering out of date the necessity for strict divisions of labour. But
we have to stop telling ourselves that the traditional system that stored our ancestors
alive in agricultural and pre-agricultural occasions was evil. Petty politics and
jockeying for energy between groups are human traits. At occasions our inter-tribal
skirmishes have been ugly and teams did behave obnoxiously…but evil? I mean let’s at
least use the correct adjective.

In Bharat, our quarrels never led to genocide, slavery,
ethnic cleaning, mass rapes and wars with out end, all of that basically evil stuff that Abrahamic
religions and Western ideology endure from and perpetrate upon the rest of us.
Of all of the civilizations which have existed, and regardless of its ugly warts, Bharat
alone stands tall for its dedication to humanity and its recurrent acceptance
of reform from sensible men and women within.

We are a shining mild.

We have to remind ourselves that division of labour has been
a reality of anthropological evolution in every
single agricultural civilization on the planet – in Europe,
in China,
in Japan,
in Egypt,
all over the place. To simply hold referring to this as a Bharatiya phenomenon is
dubious. Anyone who has ever lived in a low-tech agricultural state of affairs will
instinctively understand the character and wish for division of labour. Numerous
time-consuming bodily work needs to be accomplished everyday
in an effort to ensure the very survival of everybody locally!

We will loosely assume that a feudal order existed in Bharat
too with a strict division of labour and birth-based allotment of
duty, however in contrast to the horrible circumstances that feudal methods created
in Europe, we’ve got recognized because the time of the composition of the Purusha Sukta
that we’re all finally one Purusha. It takes all elements for the whole to
perform and the whole has all the time been held in high religious regard. I’m not
denying the presence of perversions but by and enormous the Bharatiya view has
all the time been extra unifying and delicate that the European view. This led to a really
totally different type of society. Right here in Bharat, energy was all the time recognized as being
in the service of a higher finish. The individuals held in highest regard (in a ritual
sense) have been individuals whose temporal freedoms have been severely curtailed and led the
most austere lives. However, the people who have been held in low regard
(in a ritual sense) have been individuals who have been allowed probably the most temporal freedoms in
terms of flexibility of work (aside from certain restrictions), marriage, meals
and personal habits. It is very important acknowledge that hierarchy in a ritual sense did not
correspond with power within the temporal
sense thereby turning at this time’s social justice arguments on their head. Over vast
durations of our historical past, from the time of Chandragupta Maurya himself, kings rose
up from the “lower castes”. As a result of renunciation was held in high regard, our
morality has all the time tended in the direction of honesty and sharing not deceit and accumulation.
It was in Bharat that the good monarch Chandragupta gave up his kingdom and
died as a wandering Jain monk in the jungles 2000 km away from his capital
metropolis. It was additionally in Bharat that Marco Polo observed – “These
are one of the best and most honourable retailers that may be discovered. No consideration
in any way can induce them to talk an untruth, although their lives ought to
depend upon it…this Brahmin (Bania?) undertakes the management of it (the foreigner’s
items), disposes of the products and renders a trustworthy account of the proceeds,
attending scrupulously to the affairs of the stranger, and not demanding any
recompense for his hassle.” It’s also in Bharat, till at the moment
(especially among the many remarkably beneficiant “decrease castes”), that no stranger is
left standing on the door, who just isn’t provided water and who isn’t invited in
for a meal no matter what time of day it is.

Unfortunately, the psychology of victimhood that the social
justice machinery has injected like a virus into our minds hides from us the
entirety of our complicated intertwined histories, our high ideals, our proud communities
and our long historical past of collaborative effort. Actually, it may be argued that the
secular, western rights-based discourse is instantly against our native
duty-based discourse, and has ready the ground for conversion to Abrahamic
religions. That is extra apparent if we take a look at the numbers of people converting
to Christianity in trendy India versus earlier when non-modern ideas
held sway over our minds. The extra trendy we get, the much less Bharatiya we develop into
and the more possible we are to grow to be some type of Muslim, Christian, Communist
or Western lackey. We now have to ask ourselves the query why, if they have been so
oppressed, the so-called “decrease castes” didn’t convert to Christianity within the 1700
years they have been in contact with Christianity and the 1300 years they have been in
touch with Islam? There can solely be one actual cause – Delight. Delight in who they
have been, satisfaction in how they contributed and delight in their tradition and their
creativeness of the world. They were not a damaged individuals. Aravindan
Neelakandan’s article
in Swarajya lays it all out while taking a look at one specific instance
– that of the Devendra Kula Vellalars.

A group turns into “SC” when its conventional position turns into
out of date. A standard people who have lost their objective and whose members
are but to modernize themselves as individuals are a lost individuals open to all
types of predatory advances. The British did an incredible job destroying conventional
group roles by taking up the commons and shutting down our native faculties
(see Dharampal’s “The Lovely
Tree”). The secular Indian state does a good better job.

100 years earlier than 1857, before the Felony Tribes Act
and earlier than Sir Herbert Risley and his race-based caste census here is Edmund Burke
in the mid 1700s with a deep perception into our societal group – “For typically
our (English) laws of faith differ from our legal guidelines of land, typically our laws
of land differ from our laws of honour; however in that country(Bharat) the laws of
faith, laws of land and legal guidelines of honour are all united and consolidated into
one, and bind a person eternally to what’s referred to as his “caste”. Although
he makes use of the flawed phrase “caste” and does not outline what he means by it and
although he exaggerates with using the phrase everlasting with respect to “caste”,
his mind nonetheless locks into the actual key to our society – the consolidation
of faith, regulation and honour. That’s not “caste”, however that does sound lots like

Magnificence and Power

“Israel, not India, is probably the most
Dharmic nation because it emphasizes courage.”
by way of Twitter

If custom is related to id and our rituals are a
celebration of life by way of the offering of magnificence, then there’s also a counter
level needed to protect all of it ­- Power. To all reformists, who battle
orthodoxy and consider custom to be a weak spot, I’ve to level out that
whereas I agree that context is necessary and victory is necessary, Magnificence too is
essential. To all orthodox individuals who struggle reform, I have to level out that,
though I like your dedication to holding the hearth burning, context is
necessary and especially in Bharat, evolution in traditions is accepted and is usually
important. There may be little question that without power, magnificence will die. However
there’s additionally little question that without beauty, power loses its objective for
being, thereby dying a metaphorical demise. Each beauty and power are
symbiotic and essential for our continued survival as ourselves.

Israel, who our modern-day kshatriyas say is more “Dharmic”
than Bharat truly reveals this cut up character very nicely. Do our
ground-warriors know that there is a substantial chunk of Israel’s inhabitants
that is thought-about “orthodox” and is
free to pursue custom? They don’t seem to be required to hitch the army or pay taxes.
Actually they’re funded by all other elements of Israel’s society in their
traditional spiritual pursuits. Sounds acquainted?

Here is Al-Beruni in 1030CE – “There
is all the time a Brahman within the homes of people that administers the affairs of
religion and the works of piety…he lives from what he gathers on the earth or
from the timber…it’s preferable that he does not commerce himself. The Brahmans
usually are not, like the opposite castes, sure to pay taxes and carry out providers to the
king…He should all the time beat the drum before the hearth and recite for it the
prescribed holy texts.”

Why did Bharat survive when all the other pagan cultures slid
into extinction? Bharat was unique among all the ancient pagan cultures in that
we had perfected that delicate dance between the particular and the universal.
Our traditions are specific – limited to every jaati and geography but our
philosophies are universal, restricted not by geography or jaati. To unravel
ticklish tribal problems, we rely on our universalizing philosophies to unite
us and to unravel totalitarian problems, we rely on our innumerable tribal
teams to boost the flag of freedom. We now have prevented each genocide (extreme
particularism) and dictatorships (extreme universalism), for god is aware of what number of
millennia that we’ve been round. We aren’t this or that. We’re this and

Our particularism (the tribalism inherent in our system of
jaatis) was the unconquerable bulwark towards the muslim armies. Put down one
rebel and one other one begins, there was no end to the fixed centripetal
pressure among the many infinite distinctive teams. There was by no means one power centre that
might be crushed making certain a remaining victory over Bharat and the Abrahamics might
never get their heads around that. Paradoxically, it’s at the moment, once we are a
“free” country that the Abrahamics sense the potential for victory more than
at some other time in historical past. We have now created a single monolithic political
construction that has a clear path for management. Concurrently, the Western
applied sciences of the internet, telephone, automobiles, railways and so forth. are all
universalizing technologies, they assist in bringing individuals closer and making the
world smaller. The less the political centres, the extra universalizing the
applied sciences, the better it is for the Abrahamics to take control. That’s their
speciality. From this perspective, it can be argued that “improvement” and
“parliamentary democracy” are suicidal for Bharatiya civilization as we all know

To counter the rising tide of Abrahamism in Bharat, we’ve
two choices earlier than us,

Option1 : Break Aside. Assert our tribalness in an enormous
defensive maneuver. I don’t assume this feature could have any takers at this
level in history. However that is one thing we’d like to remember. Jagganathan at
Swarajya has alluded to one thing akin to this in this article but was instantly
silenced by the comments section.

Or, Choice 2 : Come Collectively. Assert our civilizational unity in an enormous
offensive maneuver. This is one thing that our activists working on the ground
sense instinctively. We have to push again towards the enemies using their cultural
weapons. Do what no Bharatiya had finished for 1000 years till Raghunathrao stood
on the partitions of Attock on 28th April 1758 and contemplated taking
again Kabul – take the battle to the enemy camp (politically in fact).

We’ll win, even our enemies know that.

It’s solely we who don’t.


“Flight of Deities and Rebirth of Temples” – Meenakshi Jain,

Against Christianity” – Rev. Joseph Roberts, 1847

Census of
India, 1921

from Colombo to Almora”, Swami Vivekananda, 1897

Travels of Marco Polo”, Marco Polo, 13th Century CE (Translated
by Komroff Manuel, 1928)

Significance of Being Dr. Krishnasamy”, Aravindan Neelakandan in, 2019

“The Lovely
Tree”, Dharampal, 1983

Works of Edmund Burke – Quantity 3”, Edmund Burke, 18th
Century CE

“Al-Beruni’s INDIA”, Al Beruni, 11th Century CE

“Will breaking apart Hinduism into its elements protect it better than making an attempt to keep it as one”, R.Jagannathan, 2017

Featured Image: Right down to Earth

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