aryan invasion theory Indology tech

Indology after Rakhigarhi: How DNA is demolishing the Aryan Invasion Theory

Falcon down: Why Pakistan is desperate to fake the F-16 dogfight

A whole business that has dealt in scientific
racism is on the verge of getting into the dustbin of historical past. The genetic evaluation
of a four,500 yr previous skeleton that belonged to a lady from Rakhigarhi, the
largest town within the Indus Valley Civilisation, has punched one other gaping hole
within the contentious ‘Aryan Invasion Principle’. In accordance with this hypothesis – which
has been peddled for more for almost 150 years by racist Western Indologists
and their Marxist sidekicks in India – truthful skinned ‘Aryan’ invaders settled
north India after decimating the indigenous darkish skinned natives.

In an 18 web page paper (1) revealed in the
scientific journal Cell, Vasant Shinde, Vagheesh Narasimhan, Nadin Rohland, Nick
Patterson, Niraj Rai and David Reich write that genome sequencing has revealed
the inhabitants of the area have been indigenous individuals, difficult the view that
European invaders settled the land hundreds of years ago. Titled ‘An Historic
Harappan Genome Lacks Ancestry From Steppe Pastoralists or Iranian Farmers’, the
report says the Indus Valley Civilisation individuals have been a south Asian group whose
continuity of existence is traced to earlier than 7,000 BCE.

“The paper signifies that there was no
Aryan invasion and no Aryan migration and that each one the developments proper from
the hunting-gathering stage to trendy occasions in South Asia have been accomplished by
indigenous individuals,” says Shinde, former Vice-Chancellor, Deccan School, Pune,
and lead writer of the paper. (2)

The report stresses that the inhabitants of
the Indus Valley Civilisation has no detectable ancestry from Steppe
pastoralists or from Anatolian and Iranian farmers, suggesting farming in South
Asia arose from local foragers moderately than from large-scale migration from the
West. In line with Shinde, “This breakthrough analysis utterly units
apart the Aryan migration-invasion principle (which) is predicated on very flimsy

Backdoor for invasion

So will Rakhigarhi end result in the dying of
this pernicious principle that has divided Indians from Indians and Indians from
Europeans? The brief answer is – not instantly however ultimately. There are
lots of, perhaps hundreds of people within the West (plus their sidekicks in
India) who’re deeply invested within the invasion principle and who should discover
alternate careers if they accept the details. Plus, there are political and
spiritual reasons that give it legs.

For an analogy, take the historicity of
Jesus Christ. Dozens of extremely rated students reminiscent of Bart Ehrman (3) agree
that he’s a fictional determine created by the early Christian church to draw
gullible converts. At the moment apart from crackpots and fundamentalists, no one
believes within the Virgin Start, or the parting of the ocean, or the various childish
miracles which might be attributed to Jesus. However like a persistent virus, the parable
has endured. The church at the moment has no use of Jesus and may survive unbiased
of him as a result of the main target is on the Christian god. Similarly, Saudi Arabia has
razed a number of essential historical websites related with the early history of
Islam and Mohammed. The Saudis know that Islam is a political organisation and solely
requires Allah to outlive. (4)

It’s value mentioning that David Reich,
who did the genome sequencing in the Rakhigrahi case, is a poster boy of the
Aryan invasion coterie. “He is infamous for making political remarks about
Hindutva and implicitly evaluating it with Nazi ideology,” says Mumbai-based
scientist and researcher Abhijit Chavda.

In this backdrop, to imagine that haters
similar to Reich and charlatans like Michael Witzel would swallow their satisfaction and
instantly hand over their long-cherished racist views and beliefs in Western superiority
can be naive.

Shinde’s paper seems to have left a again
door open for the invasion hypothesisers to creep again in: “Nevertheless, a pure
route for Indo-European languages to have spread into South Asia is from
Japanese Europe by way of Central Asia within the first half of the 2nd millennium BCE, a
chain of transmission that did happen as has been documented intimately with
historic DNA. The fact that the Steppe pastoralist ancestry in South Asia
matches that in Bronze Age Japanese Europe (but not Western Europe) offers
further evidence for this concept, as it elegantly explains the shared
distinctive features of Balto-Slavic and Indo-Iranian languages.”

And actually, Reich separately informed Nature
India that their knowledge are according to the idea that Western Asian
agricultural know-how or concepts moved into South Asia via adoption or
concepts from neighbours. “Our findings don’t show a separate invention of
farming in South Asia,” he says. (5)

DNA and linguistic studies might drill holes
within the Aryan Invasion Concept nevertheless it continues to get traction within the West.
Their opinions are then amplified by their coolies in India’s academia and media.

Origins of a diabolic concept

The Aryan Invasion Concept had its roots in
the 1800s when European scholars discovered the exceptional similarities within the
languages of India and Europe – particularly the shut kinship between
Sanskrit and German and Sanskrit and Latin. The Germans have been probably the most excited
of all Europeans by the discovering of these historic connections. “When
Sanskrit was discovered, and it dawned on the Germans that the antiquity of
Sanskrit was very nice, and that Sanskrit and German have been one way or the other related, the
Germans all of the sudden had an answer to the question of their very own ethnic and
linguistic origins,” says writer and historian Kosla Vepa. (6)

This German interest in Sanskrit and the
Vedas didn’t spring from any love for information or India. Vepa explains: “From
the start, the good curiosity that Germany showed in Sanskrit had extra to
do with their very own obsessions and questions relating to their ethnic and
linguistic origins. It had little or no or a minimum of far much less to do with the
origin of the ancient Indic, about whom that they had considerably much less curiosity.”

So widespread was the magnitude of the
German immersion in Vedic research that, when in 1871 the varied German states
finally consolidated into the German Empire, Henry Maine, a member of the
Viceroy of India’s council, declared, perhaps with a tinge of envy, “A nation
has been born out of Sanskrit.”

There was another key catalyst that triggered
Europeans to hunt consolation in Indology. Christian Europe was making an attempt to distance itself
from the Jewish traditions that shaped the idea of Christianity. Colonialism was
an enormous driver of racist sentiments in Europe. For, in an effort to enslave individuals,
commit genocide and ethnically cleanse whole nations of non-white individuals,
there needed to be a belief system that the white European was superior to those other
races. Through the Renaissance, a caucus of European clergymen and artists had
already reworked the brown curly haired and doubtless Negroid Yeshua into the
white, blue-eyed and blond Jesus. With Jesus converted right into a Caucasian, the
subsequent quest was to eliminate Christianity’s Semetic tag.

It was throughout this state of ferment and
conspiracy that the British Indologist Monier Williams serendipitously discovered
Sanskrit. It was assumed that the languages of Europe have been derived from this
distant language in India. However there was a catch – how might the blue-eyed
blond Nordics share kinship with the brown/black and enslaved Indian? That was an
straightforward repair – when Christians have been prepared to erase their shut connections with Jews
and Israel, then turning fiction into reality wasn’t an insurmountable drawback.

European Indologists declared that the Vedic
tradition and Sanskrit were not indigenously developed however brought by Caucasian
horsemen who destroyed the thriving cities of the Indus Valley and committed
genocide on an enormous scale. These barbarians then turned the Brahmins and
Kshatriyas of India. And that’s how deftly the Aryan Invasion Principle was

In line with Vepa, this hypothesis had no
foundation the truth is nevertheless it served the aim and killed several birds with one
stone. “It denied India the autochthonous legacy of the dominant tradition of the
subcontinent, and helped create a schism in the Indian physique politic, and further
implied that the native Indic was incapable of unique thought and positively
was not capable of producing a language like Sanskrit.” (6)

Secondly, it crammed the obsessive want
throughout these many years that the European had for an ancestor that was not Semitic
in origin. “Lo and behold the ancestor did not come from India however from an extended
misplaced Shangri-La of whom there have been no survivors (in order that their speculation might
never be contradicted). Thus was born the legendary Aryan, whose only
qualification was that he should hail from a land that was anyplace but India,
preferably from a region not very densely inhabited or acutely aware of their antiquity.
Additional it gave the excuse for the British to say that they have been certainly the
later day model of the Aryans destined to lord it over lesser, more
unfortunate individuals by cause of the fact that they have been Aryans.”

British position

The British have been the least enthusiastic of
all Europeans concerning the newly found kinship with India. In the course of the conquest
of the nation that they had faced stiff resistance, especially through the horrific
bloodletting of the First Warfare of Independence in 1857. That they had subsequently developed
an intense hatred for Indians. Plus, the quite a few British engineered and
induced famines that killed as much as 60 million Indians recommend that they had plans to settle
India with the white race after annihilating the Indians (as they have been doing so
in the Americas and Australia). Definitely, it’s simpler to commit genocide if
the sufferer is as distantly associated as attainable. In this backdrop, the British
have been adamant about not shifting the European homeland too far from their Biblical
origins to India.

Comments American Indologist Edwin Bryant: “There
have been these among the many British, particularly, whose colonial sensibilities made
them reluctant to acknowledge any potential cultural indebtedness to the
forefathers of the rickshaw pullers of Calcutta, and who most popular to hold on
to the Biblical Adam excess of their European contemporaries.” (7)

The Indomania of the early British
Orientalists “didn’t die of natural causes; it was killed off’ and
changed by an Indophobia initiated by Evangelicalism and Utilitarianism,
epitomized by Charles Grant and James Mill, respectively. (eight)

Bryant factors out that Grant, who was very
influential in East India Company circles, promoted an aggressive Anglicising
and Christianising relationship with India, which he provoked by utterly
disparaging Indian laws, faith and character.

The British ultimately adopted a sensible strategy.
With wars of insurrection always breaking out in several elements of India, the
colonialists realised they might not subdue the nation by preventing alone. And,
like the Islamic invaders earlier than them, they accepted the very fact the Hindus have been
too numerous to wipe out. They decided to subdue the rebellious instincts of Indians
with disinformation – the notion that since India had been beforehand conquered
by the Aryans, the British (being the descendants of the Aryans) have been solely reclaiming
what was theirs. The Indian, subsequently, had no right or cause to resist the
grasp race.

So in 1847 the British East India Firm commissioned
a poverty stricken however formidable German scholar named Friedrich Max Muller to interpret
Hindu texts in a destructive means. This might demoralise the Hindus, making certain the
full domination of the British over the Indian subcontinent.

Enter Max Muller

In 1853 when the salary of an English
instructor was £90 per yr, Muller was paid £four per sheet of his writing which
comes to roughly £800 as we speak. “This is an incredibly high worth for just one
sheet of writing,” says writer and historian Gwylim Beckerlegge. “However it’s the
common regulation of business that the worth of a commodity increases with its
demand. The British have been in such an crucial have to get somebody to do this
job and Max Muller was the best individual, in order that they paid no matter he asked for.
His enthusiastic letters to his mother reveal the fact that he was desperate to
convey Christianity into India so that the religion of the Hindus must be
doomed.” (9)

Muller, who translated the Rig Veda during
1849-1874, exceeded British expectations. He chanced upon the Sanskrit phrase
‘Arya’ which suggests a “noble” or “wonderful” individual, and claimed it meant Aryan,
a primordial race of Europeans who had their homeland somewhere in the Caucasus
– far from India – from where a northern department migrated to Europe and a
southern branch to India and Iran. The Aryans have been presumed to be
fair-complexioned Indo-European pastoralists who conquered the dark-skinned ‘dasyu’
urbanites of India. The upper castes, notably the Brahmins, have been thought
to be of Aryan descent whereas the decrease castes and Dalits have been thought-about the
descendants of the ‘dasyus’.

Writes Beckerlegge: “Muller was a British
agent, particularly employed to write down the translations of the Vedas in such a
demeaning approach in order that the Hindus should lose religion in them.”

Muller’s enthusiastic letters reveal the
incontrovertible fact that he was keen to convey Christianity into India in order that the faith of
the Hindus must be doomed. In 1856 in a letter to the German diplomat Chevalier
Bunsen he wrote: “After the final annexation the territorial conquest of India
ceases — what follows next is the wrestle within the realm of faith and of
spirit, through which, in fact, centres the pursuits of the nations. India is
a lot riper for Christianity than Rome or Greece have been at the time of St. Paul.
The rotten tree has for some time had synthetic helps, because its fall
would have been inconvenient for the Authorities….” (10)

In a lecture in London in 1873, he noticed:
“The worship of Shiva or Vishnu and the opposite widespread deities, is of the identical,
nay, in lots of instances of a extra degraded and savage character than the worship, of
Jupiter, Apollo and Minerva; it belongs to a stratum of thought which is lengthy
buried beneath our ft, it might stay on like the lion and the tiger but the
mere air of free thought and civilised life will extinguish it.” (11)

By the 1880s, Muller’s concepts had been
tailored by racist ethnologists. For example, as an exponent of race science,
colonial administrator Herbert Hope Risley (1851-1911) used the ratio of nose
width to peak to divide Indian individuals into Aryan and Dravidian races.

The thought of an invasion was fuelled by the
discovery of the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation, suggesting a
damaging invasion. This argument was developed by Mortimer Wheeler, a British
Military brigadier turned archaeologist, who interpreted the presence of many
unburied corpses found in Mohenjo-daro as the victims of conquests.

In 1947, Wheeler wrote: “What destroyed
this firmly settled civilisation? Climatic, economic, political deterioration
might have weakened it, but its final extinction is extra more likely to have been
completed by deliberate and large-scale destruction. It might be no mere probability
that at a late interval of Mohenjo-daro men, ladies and youngsters appear to have
been massacred there. On circumstantial proof, Indra stands accused.” (12)

Apparently, after being kicked out of
India, Wheeler was provided a job in Pakistan the place he wrote a ebook whose title ‘Five
Thousand Years of Pakistan’ is among the many most cringeworthy within the annals of
archaeology. Clearly, the only agenda of many Western Indologists is the
destruction of India by allying with its enemies. (13)

Reverse stream of Indian DNA

The Aryan Invasion Concept has enjoyed a
surprisingly long term. Shocking as a result of the identical Westerners who would demand
rigorous proof for the Concept of Gravity, the Concept of Relativity and the
Principle of Evolution are holding on to a flimsy concept which has absolutely no

Nevertheless, science and know-how are the
largest enemies of crooks and criminals. Scientific studies have exposed the books
and teachings of the three Abrahamic religions because the fanciful creativeness of
Middle Japanese goat herds and shepherds. Equally, the invasion speculation is
dealing with intense scrutiny as a result of progress in DNA studies.

DNA may help remedy a homicide; it may possibly help
show or disprove paternity; it has now proven the Aryan Invasion Concept to be
false and that there was no migration of Europeans to India. On the contrary,
there is a giant physique of research that proves historic Indians carried language
and culture to the West. DNA analyses present the Indian gene pool has remained
relatively secure for over 50,000 years, which would not be the case had there
been an invasion in 1200 BCE or an Aryan migration as these British-inspired
quacks declare.

In an article titled ‘Genetics and the
Aryan Debate’, writer Michel Danino says as many 9 DNA research have been
carried out on Indian populations. (14) And what does each of these studies say?

The first such research dates back to 1999 and
was carried out by the Estonian biologist Toomas Kivisild with 14 co-authors from
numerous nationalities. It relied on 550 samples of mitochondrial DNA and
revealed there was no current inhabitants movement in the direction of India; moderately the
subcontinent served as a pathway for eastward migration of recent humans from
Africa, some 40,000 years ago.

A yr later, 13 Indian scientists led by
Susanta Roychoudhury studied 644 samples of DNA from some 10 Indian ethnic
groups, particularly from the East and South. They discovered “a elementary unity” of
DNA lineages in India, regardless of the in depth cultural and linguistic

In 2006, a research headed by Indian biologist
Sanghamitra Sengupta stated there isn’t a proof to conclude that Central Asia or
India is the donor of the Caucasian gene.

One other research by biologist Sanghamitra
Sahoo concluded that the deep, widespread ancestry between India and Central Asia
is because of migration of Indian lineages northward.

Archaeologist Stephen Oppenheimer (15) has discovered
the very best rates and biggest variety of Caucasian DNA in the Indian
subcontinent and Iran, and low rates within the Caucasus itself. Oppenheimer says
the first trendy people travelled out of Africa, hugged the coast of the
Arabian peninsula and entered India – without any stopovers in Turkey or
Germany. And from India, they moved north into Central Asia. This northward
migration began over 51,000 years ago.

Writing within the American Journal of Human
Genetics, Kivisild agrees with Oppenheimer’s argument: “India acted as an
incubator of early genetic differentiation of recent people shifting out of

Again, writer Shrikant Talageri has
demonstrated how the earliest books of the Hindus point out the japanese rivers of
India while the later volumes point out the western and northwestern rivers,
suggesting that the Indo-European civilisation originated and moved westwards
out of India. (16)

DNA evaluation can even throw up sudden
results. In 2011, the Centre for Biotechnology & Nanotechnology, Sree
Buddha School of Engineering, Kerala, carried out DNA testing on the Ezhava
group and the end result was that they have been genetically nearer to Sikhs, Turks
and Germans than to the Tamils who’re subsequent door neighbours.

The research concludes: “The vast majority of
haplotypes have been observed only once, reflecting the big genetic
heterogeneity of the Ezhavas. Based mostly on the genotype, the Ezhavas showed more
resemblance to Jat Sikh inhabitants of Punjab and the Turkish populations than
to the East Asians, hence indicating a paternal lineage of European origin.” (17)

The Kerala research is an outlier and points
to the complexity of Indian civilisation. It’s proof that India is likely one of the
few real melting pots the place genes come and blend amicably. But general, DNA
testing over the many years has indicated there has by no means been an Aryan invasion precisely
because there by no means have been any Aryans. There were only Aryas – they usually all the time
lived in India.

How the invasion concept helps the West

The invasion concept is – and has lengthy been
– helpful for Christian missionaries, who’re in reality the battering ram of
Western imperialism. A nation weakened by Christianity is more simply defeated as a result of
the converts develop into fifth columnists. The newest instance is of Hong Kong
protestors requesting US President Donald Trump to intervene in the inner
affairs of China and help “liberate” Hong Kong. (18)

In the course of the colonial period, the Aryan
concept served politically to recommend a standard ancestry and dignity among the
colonised Indians and their British rulers. Bengali social reformer Keshab
Chunder Sen saw English rule in India as a “reunion of parted cousins”.
Sen was also vocal about the benefits of British rule in India. In a lecture
delivered in London in 1870, he maintained that “the lord in his mercy sent out
the British nation to rescue India”. On one other occasion he stated, “It is Christ
who rules British India…None however Jesus ever deserved this brilliant, this valuable
diadem, India, and Jesus shall have it”. (19)

In 1873, Jyotirao Phule held the view that
“the invasion of the Aryans was crucial to the creation of segregated groups in
the form of castes, the place the Aryans have been the victorious aliens who stored the
indigenous individuals completely subordinated”. (20)

In a nutshell, the invasion principle helped
gasoline a discord among numerous established ethno-racial teams in India. “The
oppressed courses vented their frustration in the direction of upper-caste Hindus and absolutely
accepted AIT,” writes Subrata Banerjee of Aachen University, Germany. “A large
section of upper-caste Hindus additionally accepted it and embraced the newfound
brotherhood with their colonial rulers. (21)

To get a measure of how some Westerners
negate and deny the concept of nationhood for Indians, right here’s what the arch
colonialist and racist British Prime Minister Winston Churchill stated through the
freedom motion in 1935: “The British had as much right to be in India as
anybody else there….” (22)

Given the importance of the invasion concept
as a device, George Curzon, the Viceroy of India (1899-1905) stated in 1915 that Oriental
studies have been “a part of the required furnishings of the empire”. On an earlier
occasion he stated “the East is a college during which the scholar never
takes his diploma”, which was another means of saying that India required
Britain’s presence kind of eternally. (23)

This dynamic hasn’t changed a century
later. While a bodily presence cannot be attained except inside the embassies
in New Delhi, the West needs some type of foothold in India, if only for
affect and its markets. A mentally colonised individuals who consider in the
West’s superiority is greater than welcome. If transformed Christians, Indian Marxists
and Macaulayite Hindus are prepared to work for the West for cash or love, why
would the Western elites give up that card?

Let’s not overlook that the West has
utterly appropriated (translation: stolen) the Roman and Greek
civilisations. The Christians, who destroyed these two shining stars of the
historic world, right now declare the legacy of Pericles and Caesar. Similarly, the
West is loath to relinquish its claims on historic India’s achievements.

An India divided is within the pursuits of the
major power centres – the West, China, Russia and the Islamic crescent. India’s
Marxist academia and media feed off the crumbs thrown by these 4 groups, and
are subsequently not averse to selling India for a couple of dollars, overseas junkets or
an assistant professorship at an American college. These fifth columnists will
subsequently continue to help the invasion principle advert infinitum – and beyond.


It’s an endearing coincidence that in a
country that is affectionately referred to by its individuals as Mom India, the skeleton
of a lady offered an important clue concerning the nation’s historical past. It’s as if a mom
who lived in Haryana round 4,500 years ago reached out to settle the longest
operating dispute over her origins.

As Indian scientists – literally – dig
deeper, and find more DNA wealthy materials, it’ll solely reinforce the truth that
Sanskrit, Vedas, the Upanishads and all the good and stylish information that
the traditional Indians have produced are indigenous and not created by so-called

In the meantime, India should apply strain
on the establishments which might be breeding grounds for anti-Indian and anti-Hindu
Indologists who proceed to peddle outdated and faux hypothesis about India’s
historical past. While people like Reich and Witzel will come and go, it is the
institutions which supply them the area to crank out hate and lies that have to
be made answerable. Indologists who make political statements cannot be
unbiased; they come with an agenda. As Chavda says, “Let’s be clear: a
scientist ought to never dabble in politics, because it compromises his/her
objectivity in addition to credibility.” (24)

With India’s growing clout within the economic,
army and geopolitical spaces, its leadership should lean on the likes of
Harvard, Oxford and Cambridge to smoke out the petty women and men who populate
Indology departments. Observe how Terroristan has develop into a pariah around the
world after India started leveraging its shopping for power. When India makes commerce
offers conditional on good behaviour, the mercantile world will shortly evict
the India-baiters from its universities.


  1. Cell,
  2. Occasions of India,
  3. Bart Ehrman,
  4. Saudi Arabia Destroyed 98 % of Its Cultural Heritage,
  5. Nature India,
  6. Kosla Vepa, The Pernicious Results of the Misinterpreted Greek Synchronism in Historic Indian History
  7. Edwin Bryant, The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Tradition: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate, page 22
  8. Thomas Trautmann, Aryans and British India, page 99
  9. Gwylim Beckerlegge, ‘Professor Friedrich Max Müller and the Missionary Cause’, in ‘Faith in Victorian Britain: Culture and Empire (Vol 5)
  10. The Life and Letters of the Proper Honourable Friedrich Max Muller, web page 181,
  11. Max Muller, Lecture on Missions, London, 1873
  12. Mortimer Wheeler, ‘Harappa 1946’ – Historic India journal, 1947
  13. Mortimer Wheeler, Five Thousand Years of Pakistan, 1950,
  14. Michel Danino,
  15. Stephen Oppenheimer, The Actual Eve
  16. Shrikant G. Talageri, The Rigveda: A Historic Analysis
  17. Y-Brief Tandem Repeat Haplotype and Paternal Lineage of the Ezhava Inhabitants of Kerala, South India,
  18. ABC News,
  19. A International Historical past of Christians: How Everyday Believers Experienced Their World, page 323
  20. Romila Thapar, The Concept of Aryan Race and India: History and Politics, page 5
  21. Subrata Banerjee, The Acceptance and Proliferation of the Aryan Invasion Principle in India
  22. Koenraad Elst, Political features of the Aryan invasion debate,
  23. Edward W. Stated, Latent and Manifest Orientalism – Race and Racialization: Important Readings, Ed Tania Das Gupta, web page 50
  24. Abhijit Chavda, ‘Lies, deception and character assassination: Aryan invasion propaganda touches new low’, My Nation,

Featured Image: Natureasia

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this text are the
private opinions of the writer. IndiaFacts does not assume any
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Rakesh is a globally cited defence analyst. His work has been revealed by the Centre for Land Warfare Studies, New Delhi; Russia Beyond, Moscow; Hindustan Occasions, New Delhi; Enterprise At the moment, New Delhi; Financial Categorical, New Delhi; BusinessWorld Magazine, New Delhi; Swarajya Journal, Bangalore; Basis Institute for Japanese Research, Warsaw; Research Institute for European and American Research, Greece, amongst others.

In addition to having contributed for a research paper for the US Air Drive, he has been cited by main organisations, together with the US Military Warfare School, Pennsylvania; US Naval PG Faculty, California; Johns Hopkins SAIS, Washington DC; Centre for Air Power Studies, New Delhi; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington DC; Rutgers College, New Jersey; Institute of Worldwide and Strategic Relations, Paris; Institute for Strategic, Political, Security and Financial Consultancy, Berlin; Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk; Institute for Defense Analyses, Virginia; Worldwide Middle for Not-for-Revenue Regulation, Washington DC; Stimson Centre, Washington DC; Overseas Policy Research Institute, Philadelphia; Middle for Strategic & Worldwide Research, Washington DC; and BBC.

His articles have been quoted extensively by national and worldwide defence journals and in books on diplomacy, counter terrorism, warfare, and improvement of the global south.